Something to keep in mind…
Acts of sustained mass civil disobedience.
That’s all we have left.
The democratic party is not going to save us.
Especially, as they continue to take Wall Street money
and refuse to confront the social inequalities
that is the root of our problems.
Extinction Rebellion climate change protesters gear up to ‘swarm’ Canterbury
Kent Online December 21, 2018
Hundreds of climate change activists are getting ready to bring city traffic to a standstill next month.
The group Extinction Rebellion is planning to make key routes around Westgate Towers in Canterbury impassable on Saturday, January 5 in an effort to raise awareness of the global warming crisis. Elsewhere, protesters linked to the international movement have blocked roads, glued themselves to the gates of Buckingham Palace and staged mass sit-ins at the entrance to Downing Street.
Although they are not revealing their exact tactics ahead of the day, Nicholas Thurston, a spokesman for Extinction Rebellion Canterbury, said hundreds of people are expected to gather at the Guildhall at 11am to ‘swarm’ the city centre.
Combined with the closure of Station Road West to allow for the construction of a new multi-storey car park, the demonstration is likely to make the area impassable for motorists
BBC’s London HQ put on lockdown over climate change protest
The Guardian December 21, 2018
Extinction Rebellion, a direct action group that has recently shut down key London roads, has demand the BBC makes the environment its “top editorial issue”.
Broadcasting House was locked down early on Friday afternoon, with BBC staff and guests unable to enter or leave the building while security kept the peaceful but noisy protesters away from the entrance.
Extinction Rebellion activists, who are demanding a meeting with the BBC director general, Tony Hall, said the corporation had a duty to broadcast about climate change with “the level of urgency placed on informing the public about the second world war”.
Climate change activists protest outside BBC sites across the country
Yahoo News December 21, 2018
Climate change activists have staged a series of fresh protests, targeting BBC sites across the country.
Extinction Rebellion called on the corporation to declare a “climate and ecological emergency” as the group demonstrated outside sites including
BBC has a key role in tackling the climate emergency
The Guardian December 16, 2018
This Friday, Extinction Rebellion will hold a peaceful demonstration to call upon the BBC to convey the severity of the climate and ecological emergency we are experiencing, and the urgent action needed to address this. The BBC, as a respected media voice in the UK, needs to play a key role in enabling the transformative change needed.
We are requesting:
1. The director general, Tony Hall, agree to a meeting with a delegation from Extinction Rebellion to discuss how the BBC can tell the full truth on the climate and ecological emergency.
2. The BBC declares a climate and ecological emergency.
3. The BBC places the climate emergency as its top editorial and corporate priority by adoption of a climate emergency strategic plan, at the level of urgency placed on informing the public about the second world war.
4. The BBC to divest all pension funds, investments and bank accounts from fossil fuel corporations and their bankers.
5. The BBC, its subsidiaries and its supply chain to agree to be zero-carbon by 2025.
Click the link and watch the short video…
Extinction Rebellion: The story behind the activist group
BBC December 20, 2018
They’ve blocked bridges, glued themselves to the gates of Downing Street, and closed roads, all in the name of stopping climate change.
On Friday they protested outside several BBC offices in the UK, demanding that the corporation make climate change and environmental issues its top priority – in both editorial coverage and corporate management.
Extinction Rebellion’s aims include net zero carbon emissions by 2025 and a national Citizen’s Assembly to oversee environment work.
Very, very long unedited video…
Reclaim the BBC London – Extinction Rebellion
REBROADCAST OF FB LIVESTREAM (): Outside the BBC HQ in London (Dec 21st 2018) demanding that they TELL THE TRUTH to alert the public to this climate emergency and ecological annihilation, a “direct existential threat” to our future.
Join Extinction Rebellion (XR) USA
Extinction Rebellion: UK Protesters Are Supergluing Themselves to Buildings to Fight Climate Crisis
Democracy Now December 14, 2018 [video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymoxkAoYCuo]
A long article about challenging the status quo via protests…
How to create a leaderless revolution and win lasting political change
The Guardian December 13, 2018
This is why a leaderless response to the climate change disaster is tricky. It’s striking that in Emmanuel Macron’s fuel tax rises the gilets jaunes opposed the very thing demanded by Extinction Rebellion, Britain’s newly minted leaderless movement: aggressive policies to reduce carbon emissions to net zero. Macron’s proposals would have hit the poorest hardest, illustrating that resolving the crises of the environment and inequality requires a more comprehensive, carefully wrought solution to both. But leaderless movements have largely proved incapable of such complicated decision-making, as anyone at Zuccotti Park will attest.
Ultimately, to address profound systemic challenges, we shall need new participatory and inclusive decision-making structures to negotiate the difficult choices. An example of these forums has emerged in parts of Syria, of all places. Rightly, this is precisely what the Extinction Rebellion is also demanding.
The Australian youth are continuing their Climate protests…
Schools out: striking students build momentum for disruption in 2019
Super Forest December 14, 2018
Today, thousands of German students are striking across at least fourteen cities as part of a global climate strike, they are demanding that their government initiate an immediate coal phase-out and ramp up action to tackle climate change. At the same time striking Polish students have entered the UN climate negotiations in Katowice
From Greece to Italy people are rising up to halt the construction of the Southern Gas Corridor, a carbon bomb designed to carry fossil gas from the Caspian Sea to southern Europe.
Court Backs Climate Change and Calls for More Protests
Center of the American Experiment December 21, 2018
To his credit, Schulte found the three defendants who chained themselves to a Duluth Wells Fargo bank entrance to prevent it from opening earlier this year guilty of trespassing, fining them $135 apiece. Yet after that slap on the wrist, the court gave th protesters a pat on the back and virtual pep talk, according to the Duluth News Tribune
More from Greta Thunberg…
Teen activist on climate change: If we don’t do anything right now, we’re screwed
CNN December 21, 2018
HOT AIR NEWS ROUNDUP
Excellent graphs, definitely worth reading…
13 things you should know about 1.5
Unearthed October 8, 2018
Below is a list of some of the leads…
• 1.5 is warm but 2 is warmer
• It’s the difference between ‘not much’ Arctic ice and ‘barely any
• We could avoid dreaded climate ‘tipping points’
• Twice as many species face dramatic loss of life
• 1.5 could mean the world’s water crisis could hit 100 million fewer people
• And we could avoid the worst of the food crisis
• The Paris Agreement in no way does the trick
• So let’s get off coal now
• And start the move away from oil and gas (because we’ve got to be quick about it)
A good synopsis of the final rule book for COP24…
COP24 Climate Change Package Brings Paris Agreement to Life
World Resource Institute December 21, 2108
Countries also reaffirmed the timeline agreed in Paris for countries to submit national climate commitments (known in UN-speak as Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs) by 2020. The September 2019 UN Climate Summit is now becoming a key focal moment for world leaders to step forward and present ambitious plans for their next NDCs.
One of the most critical tasks for countries at COP24 was to agree on the Rulebook that outlines how they plan, implement and review their climate actions to fulfill the promise of the Paris Agreement. In fact, the Katowice meeting was the deadline countries set to finish this important task. The two weeks at COP24 concluded in an overtime session late on December 15, after three years of intensive negotiations toward this goal. While not perfect, the Rulebook provides an important foundation for countries to move forward and operationalize the Paris Agreement.
The Farm Bureau: Big Oil’s Unnoticed Ally Fighting Climate Science and Policy
Inside Climate News December 21, 2018
When the measure passed, by a big margin, it proved—not for the first time, nor the last —the Farm Bureau’s role as a powerful defender of the nation’s fossil fuel interests.
When Republican Rep. Steve Scalise stepped to the dais in the U.S. House of Representatives in July and implored his colleagues to denounce a carbon tax, he didn’t reach for dire predictions made by the fossil fuel titans that pushed for the resolution.
Instead, he talked about America’s farmers.
“Why don’t we listen to what the American Farm Bureau Federation said about a carbon tax?” the Louisiana congressman said, holding up a letter from the group, the nation’s largest farm lobby. “‘Agriculture is an energy-intensive sector, and a carbon tax levied on farmers and ranchers would be devastating,'” he read.
Advocacy groups with close ties to the oil billionaires Charles and David Koch had urged House leaders to get the anti-tax resolution approved.
Green Groups Are Set to Crash Into Global Populists Over Pollution Cuts
Bloomberg December 16, 2018
“Part of what’s building is using the momentum in the real world to put pressure on policy-makers to go further and faster,” said Jake Schmidt, who follows climate policy for the Natural Resources Defense Council in Washington. “Conditions on the ground have changed, and countries should reflect that by changing targets.”
After two weeks of talks in Katowice, Poland, envoys from almost 200 countries over the weekend adopted a set of rules guiding the 2015 Paris deal, where all countries, rich and poor alike, pledged to put voluntary limits on their emissions. The measures include standards for measuring, reporting and verifying carbon. Having those in place allows green groups to pivot to their broader agenda of reining in the use of oil, natural gas and coal.
Long comprehensive article…
Companies Blocked From Using West Coast Ports to Export Fossil Fuels Keep Seeking Workarounds
Desmog December 23, 2018
A year after Washington state denied key permits for a coal-export terminal in the port city of Longview, the Army Corps of Engineers announced it would proceed with its review — essentially ignoring the state’s decision.
This dispute pits federal authorities against local and state governments. It’s also part of a larger and long-running battle over fossil fuel shipments to foreign countries that stretches up the entire American West Coast.
Oil and gas exports have dramatically increased nationwide over the past decade, ever since technological advances turned the U.S. from a top importer of these fuels to a growing exporter.
In addition, there are no facilities yet in California, Oregon or Washington for exporting liquefied natural gas, a form of the fuel that has been cooled to very low temperatures for easier storage and shipping.
This is not for lack of trying. All the numerous export terminals energy companies have proposed for liquefied natural gas up and down the West Coast have faced significant public opposition that made securing permits hard if not impossible.
Lots of good information here…
2018 was the hottest La Niña year ever recorded
Skeptical Science December 21, 2018
Once the final official global annual surface temperature is published, 2018 will be the hottest La Niña year on record, by a wide margin. It will be the fourth-hottest year overall, and the fourth consecutive year more than 1°C (1.8°F) hotter than temperatures in the late-1800s, when reliable measurements began. 2009 will be bumped to second-hottest La Niña year on record, at 0.87°C (1.6°F) warmer than the late-1800s, but about 0.16°C (0.29°F) cooler than 2018.
China’s climate progress may have faltered in 2018, but it seems to be on the right path
Green Biz December 20, 2018
Fortunately for everyone on Earth, most scholars say China can hit these targets.
China has, for instance, made great progress reducing the energy-intensity of its economy, defined as the amount of energy consumed per unit of GDP. China surpassed its official target, lowering its energy intensity by more than 55 percent between 1990 and 2015.
Despite its current emissions growth, the United Nations Environment Program says that China remains one of the few major economies “on track” to meet its Paris targets for reining in carbon dioxide emissions.
China’s strong track record is largely due to a combination of aggressive spending and a bold mix of climate, energy efficiency and economic policies. China has implemented more than 100 climate change policies related to lowering its energy use and emissions, estimates Tufts University’s Fletcher School scholar Kelly Sims Gallagher.
In short, despite recent fluctuations, I remain optimistic that China remains on the path toward meeting its Paris target of capping carbon emissions by 2030 and deriving 20 percent of its energy from sources other than oil, gas and coal.
Despite the recent setbacks, the most likely scenario is that China’s emissions will peak before 2030. How quickly they might decline after 2030 is not yet clear.
Melting Arctic ice is now pouring 14,000 tons of water per second into the ocean, scientists find
Faster Than Expected December 20, 2018
the glaciers of the Arctic are the world’s biggest contributors to rising seas, shedding ice at an accelerating rate
driven by glacier clusters in Alaska, Canada and Russia and the vast ice sheet of Greenland, the fast-warming Arctic is outstripping the entire ice continent to the south — for now.
both ice regions appear to be accelerating their losses simultaneously — suggesting that we could be in for an even faster rate of sea-level rise in future decades.
For Arctic ice loss, “the rate has tripled since 1986,”
The total Arctic loss at present is 447 billion tons of ice per year
the rate has almost tripled.
Comprehensive article on the status of water availability or lack thereof…
2018: The Year of Day Zero and the Mega-Drought
Desmog December 26
The historic droughts in South Africa, Australia, and the American Southwest were not unexpected consequences of climate change. However, a global study led by a team at the University of New South Wales in Australia recently revealed a troubling development that does not bode well for these kind of drought-stricken regions.
While — as expected — climate change has resulted in heavier rainfall (because warmer air can hold more moisture), this study found that these heavier rains are not leading to more available freshwater in large rivers, lakes, and reservoirs.
Instead, warmer temperatures are leading to drier soils that absorb more water from rainfall and allow less of it to travel through groundwater systems to recharge the rivers and reservoirs that provide drinking water to cities like Cape Town.
The American West currently is experiencing what has been dubbed a “mega-drought,” a phenomenon that hasn’t occurred on the planet in the last 500 years. And as a team of researchers at Columbia University recently revealed, “global warming’s fingerprints” are all over it.
Droughts boost emissions as hydropower dries up
Science Daily December 21, 2018
When hydropower runs low in a drought, western states tend to ramp up power generation — and emissions — from fossil fuels. According to a new study from Stanford University, droughts caused about 10 percent of the average annual carbon dioxide emissions from power generation in California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington between 2001 and 2015.
“Water is used in electricity generation, both directly for hydropower and indirectly for cooling in thermoelectric power plants,” said climate scientist Noah Diffenbaugh, the Kara J. Foundation professor in Stanford’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences (Stanford Earth) and senior author of the study. “We find that in a number of western states where hydropower plays a key role in the clean energy portfolio, droughts cause an increase in emissions as natural gas or coal-fired power plants are brought online to pick up the slack when water for hydropower comes up short.”
Investors Are Turning Their Back on Coal
Climate Change News December 21, 2018
on December 20 a group of 93 institutional investors with $11.5 trillion under management published a letter in the Financial Times. The letter stated strongly that “we require power companies… to plan their future in a net zero carbon economy…. We expect specific timelines and commitments…”
Although $11.5 trillion of investments sounds like a large number, it pales in comparison with the total world market for stock and bonds, which totals about $160 trillion, more or less. The anti-carbon investment movement does not, at least at this point, speak for all investors. (The market value of all US electric utility company stocks and bonds totals about $1.2 trillion, incidentally.)
But also consider the dynamics of investment management. Managers do not like to take public positions that annoy important clients.
Adani Is Byword for Government’s Climate Inaction as Australia Gears for Elections
News Click December 19, 2018
Last week, protesters rallied in the major cities across Australia, opposing Adani’s announcement for self-financing the controversial Carmichael mine. Adani’s Australian venture, the Carmichael mine-and-rail project
A week before these protests, students marched on the streets demanding that the government bring in a plan to tackle climate change.
Two weeks before the national school strikes, bushfires swept through the drought-stricken state of Queensland. One of the many images that surfaced in its aftermath was of a scorched STOP sign on a dirty-track in a country town, against a flat, blackened landscape. Someone had scrawled ADANI under it.
Its most notable face is the Stop Adani movement consisting of a network of 40 national, state and regional-level environmental organisations united under the common purpose of stopping the Adani mine as a first step towards making Australia move away from exporting coal. The network registered 100 new local groups from all around the country on their website within the first three months. At a Stop Adani town hall event in Sydney in September 2017 that I attended, the legendary environmentalist Bob Brown promised to make the movement the “biggest Australia has ever seen”. Such meetings occurred across cities, and towns not just as a show of opposition, but also to develop strategies for local actions in order to pressure elected members against the Adani mine.
more on the Adani protests…
Intensifying climate change protests ‘could rival Vietnam War activism’
ABC December 17, 2018
Activists on Sunday disrupted Labor’s national conference in Adelaide to oppose oil drilling in the Great Australian Bight and the Adani coal mine in Queensland — two proposals considered “lightning rods” for unilateral climate protests.
“The divide between the Government and the young people of Australia is probably the greatest it’s been since those huge protests of the Vietnam War era, and I think it’s for a similar reason,” Greenpeace chief executive David Ritter said.
Good but will not ameliorate the methane impact from other sources…
Knowing the Carbon Footprint of Your Food May Convince You to Eat Less Meat, Study Suggests
Earther December 18, 2018
The study, published in Nature Climate Change Monday, consisted of two parts. The first part involved finding out how much people knew about the environmental impact of consuming a variety of foods, from a cup of milk to a tofu steak. In the second part, the researchers tried to gauge how a label laying out different food items’ carbon footprints could change consumer behavior.
according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Most of this comes from the methane cows burp while digesting their food and the land use changes associated with animal production.
Wildlife & the Environment
More on the Canadian boreal forest…
Canada’s Tar Sands: Most destructive industrial project in human history?
-Destroyed a NYC-sized chunk of boreal forest
-Produced 1 trillion litres of toxic sludge
-3,600 tonnes of CO2 emissions/ hectare
-Waste freshwater at rate that rivals daily water use of several cities pic.twitter.com/NerZu0UWkO
— Assaad Razzouk (@AssaadRazzouk)
‘It’s warm water now’: climate change strands sea turtles on Cape Cod shores
The Guardian December 25, 2018
If climate change continues as expected, she said, “the prediction is that we will continue to see these high-stranding events, hundreds of animals, for the foreseeable future”.
Cold-stunning events sometimes affect sea turtles elsewhere, such as along the Gulf coast off Florida and Texas, but they are generally short-lived, the result of a sudden cold snap. The challenge in Massachusetts, researchers say, is that turtles washing up on shore have largely been exposed to long-term hypothermia.
‘Greater warming’: different species under threat
Sydney Morning Herald December 20, 2018
“The warming has been most noticeable, particularly around the south-east of the continent, and it’s not just coral reefs that are impacted but kelp forests and commercial fisheries,” the bureau’s head of climate monitoring, Dr Karl Braganza, said.
The State of the Climate 2018 report, to be released on Thursday, also predicts a longer fire danger season in south-eastern areas due to rising temperatures. While other regions of the country will experience more time in drought.
Wildlife struggle to cope with extreme weather
Science News December 21, 2018
The mass death of flying foxes in extreme heat in North Queensland last month underscores the importance of wildlife research released today. The new research sheds light on how various species have responded to major climate events.
“The deaths of up to one third of Australia’s spectacled flying foxes in an extreme heatwave north of Cairns in November comes in the wake of our research, and is a stark illustration of the importance of the study.
Pollutants from wildfires affect crop and vegetation growth hundreds of kilometers from impact zone
PHYS ORG December 21, 2018
The startling extent to which violent wild fires, similar to those that ravaged large swathes of California recently, affect forests and crops way beyond the boundaries of the blaze has been revealed.
A pioneering new study by Professor Nadine Unger of the University of Exeter and Professor Xu Yue of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics in Beijing, has revealed that pollutants released by the devastating wild fires can affect crop and vegetation growth hundreds of kilometres from the fire impact zone.
The study examined how ozone and aerosols—two by-product pollutants of wildfires—influences healthy plant growth in areas that are seemingly unaffected by the destructive natural disasters.
A ‘Gold Rush’ at The Bottom of The Ocean Could Be The Final Straw For Ecosystems
Science Alert December 22, 2018
Researchers at the University of Exeter and Greenpeace are now warning that a deep sea “gold rush” for minerals and metals could wind up causing irreversible damage to what are already fragile ocean ecosystems.
“Many marine scientists are concerned that, once the first commercial contract for mining is issued, there will be no going back,” says co-author Kathryn Miller, a researcher at Greenpeace International.
But despite what the mining industry might think, there is another choice. The report claims that a “circular economy” based on reusing and recycling metals could be enough on its own to reduce our unsustainable consumption of materials.
Fascinating and easy to read…
Brace Yourselves, The Polar Vortex Is Back And Brewing Harsh Conditions
Science Alert December 19, 2018
Judah Cohen, a climate researcher at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, monitors the condition of the vortex, every day checking the latest prediction models for any sign of disturbance. He is concerned about what some models are projecting at the end of December or early January.
When the vortex, perched some 60,000 feet (18 kilometres) high in the atmosphere, is stable, winter conditions over the United States and Europe tend to be rather ordinary. Winter is still winter, with the normal mix of storms, cold snaps and thaws.
But when the vortex is disrupted, an ordinary winter can suddenly turn severe and memorable for an extended duration. “[It] can affect the entire winter,” Cohen said in an interview
Chloroform emissions could delay ozone recovery by up to 8 years
Science Daily December 20, 2018
A new study identifies another threat to the ozone layer’s recovery: chloroform — a colorless, sweet-smelling compound that is primarily used in the manufacturing of products such as Teflon and various refrigerants. The researchers found that between 2010 and 2015, emissions and concentrations of chloroform in the global atmosphere have increased significantly.
Loss of the Ice Mass in Antarctica. Increasing Sea Level Rise
Global Research December 21, 2018
Ice loss in the Antarctic has tripled in just the last decade alone, and is currently losing 219 billion metric tons of ice annually. That number is up from 73 billion metric tons per year as of a decade ago.
“The big uptick in mass loss observed there in the past decade or two is perhaps the start of” the larger-scale collapse of the glaciers, Shakun told Science.
If that is the case, the world must begin preparations immediately for sea levels that will rise far more abruptly than previously expected, with ocean waters rising as fast as 2.5 meters every one hundred years.
The aforementioned discovery presented at the annual meeting of scientists also revealed that during the last brief warm period between Earth’s ice ages, which took place 125,000 years ago and when global temperatures were barely higher than they are today in our greenhouse-warmed planet, sea levels were six to nine meters (20 to 30 feet) higher than they are right now.
Modeling climate risk where it hits home
MIT December 20, 2018
A new MIT-led study projects a dramatic increase in annual high-heat days in the U.S. Northeast by the century’s end.
Over that period in Boston, the annual number of days the mean temperature exceeds 86 F increases from three to 22, and the number of days the daily maximum temperature exceeds 86 F increases from 49 to 78.
New study first to predict which oil and gas wells are leaking methane
Science Daily December 20, 2018
A new study just published in the journal Environmental Geosciences is the first to offer a profile of which wells are the most likely culprits.
The study used a machine learning algorithm to correlate wells that leaked and those that didn’t with a set of 16 characteristics.
“The big picture,” Pinder said of the study’s findings, “is that we can now have tool that could help us much more efficiently identify leaking wells. Given that methane is such a significant contributor to global warming, this is powerful information that should be put to use.”
“Provincial and state regulatory agencies never have enough inspectors or financial resources to locate, let alone repair, leaking wells,” said A. R. Ingraffea, the Dwight C. Baum Professor of Engineering Emeritus at Cornell and an expert in oil and natural gas well design and construction, who was not involved in the study. “The methodology created by this research will be invaluable to those agencies because they can now focus inspections on wells most likely to be leaking now or to leak in the future.”
Industry-hired experts downplay impacts of major projects: UBC study
Narwhale December 21, 2018
When experts, such as engineers and geoscientists, submit reports on a project to B.C.’s Environmental Assessment Office, the generally accepted idea is that their information will reflect environmental standards and identify problems, allowing a project design to be changed or rejected if necessary.
But, that is not what happens in B.C. according to a study by University of British Columbia researchers that looked at 10 recent environmental impact assessments.
Researchers found that experts — usually hired by a company applying to build a mine, pipeline or other project — rarely stick to generally accepted thresholds to determine if there is an environmental or health concern.
The study also found when impacts are likely to exceed established criteria — push past those accepted thresholds — experts find a variety of innovative ways to minimize potential problems.
Small changes in oxygen levels have big implications for ocean life
Science Daily December 20, 2018
Oceanographers at the University of Rhode Island have found that even slight levels of ocean oxygen loss, or deoxygenation, have big consequences for tiny marine organisms called zooplankton.
Zooplankton are important components of the food web in the expanse of deep, open ocean called the midwater. Within this slice of ocean below the surface and above the seafloor are oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), large regions of very low oxygen. Unlike coastal “dead zones” where oxygen levels can suddenly plummet and kill marine life not acclimated to the conditions, zooplankton in OMZs are specially adapted to live where other organisms — especially predators — cannot. But OMZs are expanding due to climate change, and even slight changes to the low oxygen levels can push zooplankton beyond their extraordinary physiological limits.
Paul Beckwith: “I declare a global climate change emergency to claw back up the rock face to attempt to regain system stability, or face an untenable calamity of biblical proportions.”
Kevin Hester: “There is no past analogue for the rapidity of what we are baring witness to. There has been a flood of articles … 2C is no longer attainable and that we are heading for dangerous climate change”
Guy McPherson: “The recent and near-future rises in temperature are occurring and will occur at least an order of magnitude faster than the worst of all prior Mass Extinctions. Habitat for human animals is disappearing throughout the world, and abrupt climate change has barely begun.”
Magi Amma: We need to turn on a dime at mach nine!